IS FLAX LINEN?
Flax Vs. Linen: What Is the Difference?
Learn How Flax Plant Is Turned Into Linen And Why It’s One Of The Most Sustainable Fibers Available
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Table of Contents:
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Flax Origins And History
Flax Vs. Linen: What is the Difference?
An Overview Of Flax Plant Characteristics
This is a very durable and strong fiber with some exceptional attributes, such as fast dye absorption, pilling resistance, sunlight resistance, and faster drying time.
What Is Linen?
From Flax To Yarn: How Linen Is Made
- Growing, harvesting & ripping – The plant is typically grown in cool and humid climates. The ideal time for harvesting is when the plant reaches perfect ripeness, which is when the stalks begin to change their color. After flax stalks are removed from the ground by pulling, leaves and seeds are removed.
- Retting – This is a process of decomposition of the woody bark that encloses the fibers. When the woody bark rots away, it releases the gum that holds the fiber.
- Breaking & scutching – After the woody sections are removed, the fibers are separated by scutching. Scutching is a process of crushing the plant between the rollers.
- Coarse fibers – At this stage, coarse fibers are extracted from the plant.
- Heckling – Heckling is a process of preparing the material for spinning. It involves combing, straightening, and removal of weak or short fibers to produce smooth, quality string.
- Smooth fibers – Heckling combs make the fibers clean, straight and smooth, ready to spin.
- Mixing – Mixing further smooths out and elongates the strands.
- Sliver – After heckling, fibers are arranged in a ribbon-like form called a sliver. Sliver can be additionally processed in preparation for spinning.
Drawing & spinning – This is a procedure of combining and twisting the drawn-out strands of fiber to make thread (or yarn). ur custom text goes here
- Thread – Finally, a thread is made and winded on a spool or into a yarn ball. Thread can either be used as is, waxed, or dyed.
A Summary Of Linen’s Remarkable Properties
- Strong & durable - With amazing strength and durability features, linen will last for a long time.
- Breathable - This natural material is lightweight and highly breathable.
- Moisture absorbent - Linen absorbs moisture quickly and it can absorb up to 20% of its weight in water.
- Insulating - Due to its permeability and hollow core of the fiber, linen has excellent thermoregulating properties. It keeps you cool in hot weather or warm in cool weather.
- Hypo-allergenic - Linen is less probably to attract allergens like dust mites, dirt, or pet hair, thus causing fewer allergic reactions.
- Antibacterial - Antibacterial features make linen a perfect choice for individuals with sensitive skin.
- Biodegradable - Flax which is untreated is entirely biodegradable. However, be mindful of dyed, chemically treated, or blended fibers, as they can inhibit biodegradability.
- Anti-static - Anti-static by nature, linen doesn't stick to the body. Plus, it remains clean longer because it repels dirt.
- Pill resistant - Since it is naturally resistant to pilling, you will not have to deal with unpleasant surface textile defects in the form of tiny fiber balls.
- Mildew resistant - Another great feature is resistance to mildew, which helps prolong its longevity.
- Softens with washing - Fibers are bound by pectin, which dissolves when in water. This means that linen gets softer with every wash, without losing its strength.
Main Uses of Linen
Main Uses of Flax
- Industrial - linseed oil treatment, paper products, paints, etc.
- livestock feed - linseed oil meal
- human food – whole seeds, bread, cereal, etc.